- - - - - -
Declaration of Independence [manuscript copy] handwritten copy by John Adams, before 28 June 1776
On 11 June 1776, Congress appointed Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Roger Sherman, and Robert Livingston to draft a formal declaration of independence. At an early stage of the revisions, Adams copied the entire document. The Adams copy is extremely important for demonstrating the evolution of the text from Jefferson's original rough draft. #wethepeoplewednesday#declarationofindependence#johnadams
Millions of people will be giving their hearts to the one they love today, so I figured I'd post about one special Hunterdon man who gave his h[e]art to his one true love.. Who was that man? John Hart. Who was his one true love? AMERICA!!! ..ok, corny enough intro?
John Hart served as a judge in the pre-America Province of New Jersey. He lived in Hopewell, which was part of Hunterdon County at the time (see my Trenton post). In 1750 he began representing Hunterdon County in a position similar to that of the present day Board of Chosen Freeholders.
The First Continental Congress met in Philadelphia in 1774 with delegates from twelve colonies (no Georgia) to discuss grievances with the British Crown. This congress proved to be unsuccessful in the eyes of most New Jerseyans, so when the Second Continental Congress was planned for 1775 the New Jersey voters selected all new delegates, including John Hart.
When the Declaration of Independence was announced in 1776 John Hart proudly signed the document. However, by signing this document Hart put a target on his back. Hart was a well known man in New Jersey, but now that he was a traitor to the crown he had to watch his steps.
In late 1776 the British pushed George Washington's army out of New York and New Jersey. With the Delaware River between the two forces the British decided to set up winter quarters in New Jersey. We all know the Hessians occupied Trenton at this time, but the closest British garrisons were in Princeton and Hopewell. Hart saw the approaching British army and fled to nearby Sourland Mountain. There he hid in a cave (in present day East Amwell) while the British plundered his Hopewell farm.
On Washington's second crossing into New Jersey he defeated the British at the Battle of Princeton. With the British on the run Hart was able to return home and continue his duties in the new state's government. However, Hart would not live to see the end of the war, as he died from complications related to kidney stones in 1779.
In his 1800 autobiography founding father Benjamin Rush wrote one of my favorite, and succinct, lines about Hart: "A plain, honest, well-meaning Jersey farmer."
3 323 days ago
This is the Thomas Nelson House in Yorktown, Virginia. Thomas Nelson was a merchant who participated in the American Revolutionary War, eventually signing the Declaration of Independence. Yorktown was a tobacco trading port, which eventually became the final battleground of the war. Cornwallis made his headquarters in this home during the battle.
Charles Carroll is the only Catholic to sign the Declaration of Independence.
Born into a wealthy family, Charles Carroll became a member of the Continental Congress as the #American#Revolution loomed. Carroll missed the vote on independence but signed the final draft of the Declaration on Independence, becoming the only Catholic to do so. He was a member of the Maryland state Senate and the U.S. Senate (concurrently), finally retiring to private life in 1800. Before his death in 1832, he was the last surviving signer of the Declaration of Independence.
Because he was a Catholic, Carroll was not allowed to participate in politics, practice #law (despite years of study) or vote, but he became known in important circles in a roundabout way by writing various anti-tax/tariff tracts (essentially, early protestations against "taxation without representation") in the Maryland Gazette under the pseudonym "First Citizen." Although Carroll was not present to vote on the issue of independence, he was present for the signing of the final Declaration of Independence.
Soon after, he resigned from the Continental Congress to serve in the #Maryland State Assembly, where he was part of the group that drafted Maryland's #constitution.
Charles Carroll, the only #Catholic to sign the #DeclarationofIndependence, was also the last surviving signer, dying in #Baltimore in 1832 at the age of 95.