Bautzen, a hill-top town in eastern Saxony, Germany
Photo credit: @jen.nxy
Bautzen, a city rising high above the Spree River, in Saxony Land, eastern Germany, is often regarded as the unofficial, but historical capital of Upper Lusatia (Oberlausitz, a region in Central Europe)
A number of the towers and fortifications constructed in the Middle Ages can still be viewed and the town is also the cultural centre of the Sorb folk - a linguistic and cultural Slav minority in German which is closely related to the Czechs and Poles.
As a border town in a strategic positions, Bautzen changed hands frequently in the early centuries of the Middle Ages, moving from the Holy Roman Empire to Czech control and into Polish hands before ending up in the Electorate of Saxony.
Bautzen has a very compact and well preserved medieval town centre with numerous churches and towers and a city wall on the steep embankment to the river Spree, with one of the oldest preserved Waterworks in central Europe. It is also famous for its “Bautz’ner” mustard, which even has a museum dedicated to it.