Set in the Mosel Valley, the Burg Eltz was built to last—which is why it’s been owned by the same family since the 12th century. Thirty-three generations and counting. 📸: @kdkuiper
14 12342 hours ago
Edinburgh Castle is situated on Castle Rock; formed by volcanic activity millions of years ago.
Castle Rock had been a military base and royal residence for centuries. However, the edifice that is known as Edinburgh Castle was built during the 12th century by David I, son of Saint Margaret of Scotland.
The tensions between the English and Scottish monarchies nearly always centred on Edinburgh Castle. The first major battle was during the late 13th century when Edward I of England attempted to seize the vacant Scottish throne. From 1296 to 1341, the castle bounced from English to Scottish hands several times during the Wars of Scottish Independence.
After this, most of the castle’s reconstruction was overseen by David II. Much of this was undone, following the “Lang Siege.” The year long battle was triggered when Mary Queen of Scots married James Hepburn, and a surge of rebellion against the union rose up amongst the noblemen of Scotland.
Mary was forced to flee to England but loyal supporters held the castle for a further year.
Following, the ‘Union of the Crowns’’ on James VI and I accession, the Scottish court departed from Edinburgh to London. The final monarch to reside at the castle was Charles I in 1633.
The 1715 rebellion saw the Jacobites come dramatically close to claiming the castle in the same style that Robert the Bruce’s men did over 400 years before; by scaling the north facing cliffs. The 1745 rebellion saw the capture of Holyrood Palace but the castle remained unbroken.
The castle now serves as a military station, is home to the Scottish National War Memorial, the Crown Jewels, Stone of Destiny and is host to the famous Edinburgh Military Tattoo.
Image by @sid.px